Elementor #23875

Tempering Chocolate

Basic Tempering Principles

The process of tempering chocolate involves incorporating a small amount, typically 2-4%, of solid, stable cocoa butter crystals into melted chocolate. Cocoa butter is capable of solidifying into several different polymorphic forms that, as they cool and set, affect the surface finish, setting time, snap, and mouthfeel of the chocolate. It is important that the cocoa butter crystals in tempered chocolate exist in the correct polymorphic form; we call these stable cocoa butter crystals. The objective in tempering is to arrange the physical “packing” of stable cocoa butter crystals in the right number and size.

The three critical variables that affect the type, size, and number of cocoa butter crystals being formed during chocolate tempering are: temperature, time, and agitation.

  1. Temperature – critical because cocoa butter crystals both form and melt at specific temperatures.
  2. Time – necessary for cocoa butter crystals to form and grow.
  3. Agitation – needed to ensure the cocoa butter crystals are well distributed within the melted chocolate and to prevent their premature growth.

Stable cocoa butter crystals will provide the following properties:

  1. Snap
  2. Gloss
  3. Proper texture
  4. Bloom resistance
  5. Good contraction for moulding
Chocolate is in temper when 2-4% of the cocoa butter is in the stable crystal form.

It is important to provide conditions that grow “good” fat crystals and minimize “bad” fat crystals.

There are four to six different forms cocoa butter crystals assume and each has a unique melting point, set of characteristics, and stability point.

  1. Gamma – exists in this form for only a few seconds before transforming into Alpha
  2. Alpha – melts between 50-75° F (not stable)
  3. Beta I – melts between 60-83° F (not stable)
  4. Beta – melts between 64-94° F (stable)
wilbur tempered vs untempered chocolate
Understanding Proper Chocolate Temper

Properly tempered chocolate will have the following characteristics:

•Shiny/glossy surface
•Even color
•Good snap
•Smooth texture
•Good contraction
•No bloom

Improperly tempered chocolate will have the following characteristics:

•Dull finish
•Fat bloom
•Soft uneven texture
•Poor contraction
•Poor snap
Testing Temper

Manual Method

To check if chocolate is in good temper, dip a metal spatula or knife blade into chocolate and leave a small film on the blade. If the chocolate is firm and not tacky after five minutes at normal room temperature (68° F), it is in good temper. If it is still tacky, place the chocolate chunks back in the bowl and cool about 2° F. Repeat test until tempered.

Using a Tempermeter

The degree of tempering, indicating the quality of stable crystals that have been formed, can be measured by means of a tempermeter. 
A tempermeter produces a temper curve that is a temperature-versus-time curve resulting from uniform cooling of the chocolate sample over a specified period of time.
The slope of the temper curve provides a quantitative means of interpreting the amount of heat of crystallization (latent heat) produced during the cooling of the test sample.

A negative slope indicates over-tempered chocolate and a positive slope indicates under-tempered chocolate.
Wilbur Products at BFS

Wholesale Pick-Up: Order in Advance

wpu hours and contacts

Sysco Bahamas is happy to announce that our Wholesale Pickup department has re-opened on Saturdays for Cash & Carry service. Hours are 8AM to 4PM, Monday through Friday, and 7AM to 12PM on Saturdays. 

Did you know that you can place your order in advance? Contact us to place your order in advance and reduce your wait time.

  • Call (242) 361-2000 and ask the receptionist for Wholesale Pickup
  • Send a WhatsApp message to (242) 829-3147
  • Email wholesalepickup@bahamafood.com
  • Leave a Message (242) 361-2000 ext. 2023 receive a callback within 1 hour

Mask Required | Temperature Check

Social Distancing Enforced | Security on Hand


Monday to Friday
Gates open 8AM
Gates close 4PM for pickup
Saturday 7AM-4PM
Closed Sunday
Closed Bahamian public holidays

Orders taken until 3:30PM

Collect by 4PM

wpu hours and contacts

Sysco Supports Hurricane Dorian Relief Efforts

Sysco Provides Aid for Hurricane Dorian Relief Efforts
Sep 05, 2019

Including $25,000 donation to Bahamas Red Cross

HOUSTON, Sept. 05, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Sysco Corporation (NYSE: SYY), the leading global foodservice distribution company, has announced the Company will donate $25,000 to Bahamas Red Cross and provide funds directly to impacted Sysco associates in the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian. In the Bahamas, Sysco operates as Bahamas Food Services, a wholly-owned subsidiary, headquartered in Nassau, New Providence.

Bahamas Red Cross is an integral organization for providing critical assistance to disaster relief areas, such as those affected by Hurricane Dorian. The organization provides assistance in the form of temporary shelter, food, clean water and other life-saving essentials to those who need it most.

“Our valued communities, customers and associates are the heart of Sysco,” said Tom Bené, Sysco’s chairman, president and chief executive officer. “We have a long history of providing aid in times of disasters, helping communities prepare and recover by delivering food, water and emergency supplies. Our donation to Bahamas Red Cross for Hurricane Dorian relief will allow us to provide additional assistance to the communities, customers and associates we are committed to.

“One of Sysco’s top priorities during times of natural disasters is making deliveries to critical customer locations, such as hospitals and shelters,” Bené continued. “We have been working diligently to provide water, food and other supplies to our valued customers in the Bahamas.”

About Sysco

Sysco is the global leader in selling, marketing and distributing food products to restaurants, healthcare and educational facilities, lodging establishments and other customers who prepare meals away from home. Its family of products also includes equipment and supplies for the foodservice and hospitality industries. With over 69,000 associates, the company operates approximately 332 distribution facilities worldwide and serves more than 650,000 customer locations. For fiscal 2019 that ended June 29, 2019, the company generated sales of more than $60 billion.

For more information, visit www.sysco.com or connect with Sysco on Facebook at www.facebook.com/SyscoCorporation or Twitter at https://twitter.com/Sysco. For important news and information regarding Sysco, visit the Investor Relations section of the company’s Internet home page at http://investors.sysco.com/, which Sysco plans to use as a primary channel for publishing key information to its investors, some of which may contain material and previously non-public information. Investors should also follow us at www.twitter.com/SyscoStock and download the Sysco IR App, available on the iTunes App Store and the Google Play Market. In addition, investors should continue to review our news releases and filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. It is possible that the information we disclose through any of these channels of distribution could be deemed to be material information.

For more information contact:

Camilla Zuckero
Media Contact
+1 281-899-1839

Primary LogoSource: Sysco Corporation

25 March, 2019 20:52

Celebrate every day with "National" this and that in March. St. Patrick’s Day is on the 17th of March and other notable days include International Women’s Day (8 March), Plant a Flower Day (12 March) and the First Day of Spring is on the 21st of March.

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